Sunday, 16 November 2014

Update Statement In Hive For Small Tables


Let's see how to update small Hive tables.


1. Create a  table and load data (Assuming the data is placed in HDFS)

You can also refer Previous Post for creating hive tables.


CREATE EXTERNAL TABLEe Non_Parti(EmployeeID Int,FirstName String,Designation String,Salary Int,Department String) ROW FORMAT DELIMITED FIELDS TERMINATED BY  "," LOCATION '/user/hdfs/Hive'; 


hive> select * from Non_Parti;
OK
1 Anne Admin 50000 A
2 Gokul Admin 50000 B
3 Janet Sales 60000 A
4 Hari Admin 50000 C
5 Sanker Admin 50000 C
6 Margaret Tech 12000 A
7 Nirmal Tech 12000 B
8 jinju Engineer 45000 B
9 Nancy Admin 50000 A
10 Andrew Manager 40000 A
11 Arun Manager 40000 B
12 Harish Sales 60000 B
13 Robert Manager 40000 A
14 Laura Engineer 45000 A
15 Anju Ceo 100000 B
16 Aarathi Manager 40000 B
17 Parvathy Engineer 45000 B
18 Gopika Admin 50000 B
19 Steven Engineer 45000 A
20 Michael Ceo 100000 A
Time taken: 0.233 seconds, Fetched: 20 row(s)


2. Updating Department of employeeid 19 's to C.


INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE Non_Parti SELECT employeeid,firstname,designation,salary, CASE WHEN employeeid=19 THEN 'C' ELSE department END AS department FROM Non_Parti;


hive> select * from Non_Parti;
OK
1 Anne Admin 50000 A
2 Gokul Admin 50000 B
3 Janet Sales 60000 A
4 Hari Admin 50000 C
5 Sanker Admin 50000 C
6 Margaret Tech 12000 A
7 Nirmal Tech 12000 B
8 jinju Engineer 45000 B
9 Nancy Admin 50000 A
10 Andrew Manager 40000 A
11 Arun Manager 40000 B
12 Harish Sales 60000 B
13 Robert Manager 40000 A
14 Laura Engineer 45000 A
15 Anju Ceo 100000 B
16 Aarathi Manager 40000 B
17 Parvathy Engineer 45000 B
18 Gopika Admin 50000 B
19 Steven Engineer 45000 C
20 Michael Ceo 100000 A
Time taken: 0.184 seconds, Fetched: 20 row(s)

Your Hive table is now updated. This can be done for small tables only.If you need to update large tables we need to partition Hive tables.

*In newer version of Hive update will be included.

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